A kerosene lamp is an indispensable assistant in a campaign for lighting when there is no flashlight or the batteries have run out. She is not afraid of either wind or frost, she will help to light the way at night, to give lighting when the fire goes out. True, you need to keep in mind that this is a source of non-directional lighting, and it will not work to illuminate the road beyond one or two meters. If the consumable is over, the manufacture of a wick for a kerosene lamp is easy to do with your own hands, like, in fact, the lamp itself.
What to make a wick for a kerosene lamp
In past times, kerosene lamps contained wicks made of asbestos fabric. Today it is of little use, since asbestos emits a large number of carcinogens during combustion. Cotton wicks came to replace him.
Therefore, it is easy to find a replacement for factory wicks today. The main thing is that they do not contain artificial fibers, since the fabric will sparkle or melt, in addition, they must be woven from several rows of threads so that the wick is well saturated with fuel and holds fire for a long time. The weaving of the fabric allows the flame to rise more easily up the microcapillaries.
The simplest, “marching” option for making a wick is from a sock. To do this, it must be twisted to a sufficient thickness so that it does not burn out immediately. The top of the wick should not form a fringe. It must be completely saturated with kerosene or oil, dropping in a normal tin can.Wick sock
Using an old sock as a wick, you can make an oil sludge kerosene lamp with your own hands from an ordinary light bulb. To do this, carefully open the copper disk at its base and remove the central part with pliers. It may not be possible to completely remove it, then you will have to remove it in parts, breaking it with a screwdriver. The main thing in this case is to preserve the integral glass surface of the lamp.
If the lamp with an internal white coating, you can remove it with salt, a tablespoon of which you need to fill in the bulb and shake. The fastener for the wick will be a disk cut out of an aluminum can. In the center of the disk you need to make a hole. A narrow strip is cut from the old sock, while it does not have to crumble into fibers, it can be twisted. The filter is threaded through the hole in the aluminum disk, and its long end is lowered into the bulb. It is necessary to fill in it with kerosene and wait until the wick from the sock is completely saturated with it. It should look out about one centimeter from the bulb, otherwise it will smoke.
In order to be able to tighten the wick as it burns, its end is fixed with a wire twisted by a spiral. So that it does not smoke, it is recommended to moisten it with vinegar before installation.
Charcoal wick for a kerosene lamp
An alternative to a fabric wick can be coal. To do this, you need to take a piece of charcoal, process it, giving the shape of a little finger 2-3 cm long. Wood fibers should be placed along the wick.Coal wick
After this, the workpiece must be soaked with heated paraffin to give strength. Then the coal is wrapped with metal foil, which will not allow it to burn with a large flame. One part of the wick must be left uncovered, protruding 5 mm above the foil.
Further, a holder is formed from the same foil, paper clip or wire, which is wound around a coal billet. The end of the holder is crocheted to hang on the edge of the glass container with oil. In the walls of the foil wrapping the coal, you need to make holes for access of fuel to the wick. It is desirable that the open surface of the coal is on the same level with the fuel. The homemade lamp is ready, you can set fire to the carbon wick.
DIY wick for a kerosene lampLace wick
The wick for a kerosene lamp should consist only of natural fiber. It can be a lace, a cotton piece of fabric, a piece of insole with a cellulose composition, a sock. Woolen fabric is not suitable for this role.
To create a simple wick, you will need a wire of 1 mm, a lace made of natural material. If there is no lace, you can twist a piece of cotton fabric several times. One end of the wire must be clamped with pliers, and start winding it in such a way that it turns out something like a spring with a diameter of 1 cm with five or six turns and a distance between them of 2 mm. The last turn should be wider than the rest, it will hold the entire spiral with the cord in an upright position.
The other end of the wire is crocheted. A cord is inserted into the wire, its end (5-8 mm) is clamped by the upper turn. Then it is placed inside a glass jar of oil with which the wick should be soaked, the hook is thrown on its edge. You can pull out the ignition cord by the holder.