While in the forest, it is necessary to distinguish edible plants from inedible ones. The use of poisonous mushrooms and berries can lead to unpleasant consequences, the mildest of which will be manifested by an upset gastrointestinal tract, and the most severe - severe poisoning with loss of consciousness or cardiac arrest. Therefore, it is necessary to know what the edible berry looks like, so as not to eat an unfamiliar wild berry on occasion and protect your children from eating it. About how edible berries look in the forest, what distinguishing features they have, you can see in the photo below.
Edible wild berries: a difference from inedibleEdible wild berries: a difference from inedible
Often in appearance it is difficult to determine whether an edible berry or a poisonous one. But birds and animals know how to distinguish between them. Therefore, if near the shrub or tree there are pecked berries, the plant, in most cases, is edible. If you had to try at least one berry to taste, you should not rush to eat another one, because you can determine its edibility by taste: the poisonous fruits are bitter, astringent in the mouth, tart, and the edible ones are sour, sweet, juicy. When eating 3 berries, poisoning can occur, therefore, to the taste of one thing you can already beware of the usefulness of the fetus. Particularly poisonous are berries of a small spherical shape with a shiny, smooth surface in black or red. Usually they look more attractive than regular berry plants. In order to distinguish one fruit from another with absolute certainty, it is necessary to remember how the edible forest berries look in the photo.
Edible forest berries: photosWild fruits are greatly appreciated when used for medicinal purposes and in nutrition
Wild berry contains many useful macro- and microelements, vitamins, and other biologically active substances. Therefore, wild fruits are very appreciated when used for medicinal purposes and in nutrition. It is possible to collect wild-growing berries from early summer to the late canopy, until the appearance of the first snow cover.
Wild strawberryThe leaves and fruits of wild strawberries are widely used for medicinal, cosmetic, nutritional purposes.
Plant 15 cm high with red fruits of elongated shape. Grows in glades, woodlands, forest edges. It begins to bloom in early summer with white fragrant inflorescences. The leaves and fruits of strawberries are widely used for medicinal, cosmetological, and nutritional purposes. The berries are dried, decoctions and teas are made from it, it helps with diseases of the genitourinary system, gallstone disease, diabetes, diseases of the digestive system.
Wild currantIt happens black, yellow and red
Forest currants grow in almost every forest, with the exception of particularly cold regions. It happens black, yellow and red. Yellow is the sweetest of the three species, and red currants contain the most pectin. Like homemade, forest currants are used to make compotes, jellies, jams, and leaves are widely used in various decoctions. The healing properties of wild currants are manifested in the treatment of diseases of an infectious and colds nature, the circulatory system, and the gastrointestinal tract.
Forest raspberriesMost commonly used to treat colds and skin inflammations.
Forest raspberries can be recognized immediately, because it is practically no different from garden. It is rich in healing properties, for medicinal purposes each part of this plant is used - stems, leaves, berries, roots. Most often used to treat colds and skin inflammations.
Stone berryIt is used in cooking and traditional medicine.
A small herbaceous plant 30 cm high with small white flowers that turn into bright red fruits, collected in a bunch of 1-6 pieces by mid-summer. The berries are sour in taste, inside they contain a large stone. It is used in cooking and traditional medicine as a rich source of vitamin C, flavonoids, pectin and phytoncides, which help in the fight against many diseases.
BlueberryBlueberry leaves and fruits are used to treat enterocolitis, gastritis
Shrub about 1 meter high with bluish fruits. It is more common in northern areas, resistant to frost. Collecting blueberries is very difficult, because the fruits are very unstable to transportation. The juice is stored for a very short time and quickly begins to ferment. Blueberry leaves and fruits are used to treat enterocolitis, gastritis, and also as an antipyretic, vasoconstrictor, anti-inflammatory agent.
LingonberryThe most valuable medicinally are the leaves of lingonberry, and then the fruits
It grows mainly in pine forests of the northern latitudes. The plant has a short stem, leathery leaves of dark green color. Fruits are bright red in color with a sour taste. The most valuable medicinally are the leaves of lingonberry, and then the fruits. This is a natural antiseptic, also used as a diuretic, vascular strengthening agent.
BlueberriesFruits help improve vision, strengthen capillaries, and prevent diabetes.
Blueberries are often confused with blueberries because of the bluish-black color of its fruits. It grows on moist marshy soils. This is a small shrub up to 40 cm high, with elongated leathery leaves, the flesh of the fruit is sweet, red. Fruits are consumed fresh, they help improve vision, strengthen capillaries, and prevent the development of diabetes.
DogroseRosehip is valued for a storehouse of vitamins and minerals
It grows throughout Russia, in the forests there are about 40 species of wild rose. The height of this shrub can reach five meters in height, blooms with pink or white flowers. It is easy to recognize by its stems, covered with thorns and fruits in the form of a false polyureus with an overgrown receptacle. Fruits are bright red or orange red. Rosehip is valued for a storehouse of vitamins and minerals that help fill up their deficiency in the body, as well as treat various diseases.
Sea buckthornSea buckthorn contains many vitamins, flavonoids, trace elements, as well as antioxidants
Small shrub up to 3 meters tall with long green leaves. Young shoots have a silver hue, later turn into a rough bark. The fruits of sea buckthorn are oval rounded in bright orange color, grow in dense clusters on branches. Extremely useful sea buckthorn contains many vitamins, flavonoids, trace elements, as well as antioxidants. In addition, sea buckthorn is used in cosmetology and cooking. Excessive use is contraindicated in case of urolithiasis and increased acidity of the stomach.
BlackberryThe use of blackberries normalizes metabolism, improves immunity
Blackberry is bushy or long-fruited. Reaches a height of 1.5 meters, blooms with large white flowers. The fruits of blackberry are similar in shape to raspberries, only black in color with a bluish bloom. The taste of blackberry is sour-tart. The use of blackberries normalizes metabolism, improves immunity, and infusions and decoctions from the roots and leaves have a wound healing, anti-inflammatory and astringent effect.
BarberryBarberry can replace lemon juice with its taste
A shrub grows mainly in the south of Russia, it has yellow flowers with oblong fruits of bright red color with 2-3 seeds inside. Berries are sour, but taste good. Harvesting ripe and overripe fruits is difficult because they are very soft. The greatest vitamin value is not berries, but the bark and leaves of the bush. Barberry can replace lemon juice with its taste.
Black and White MulberryBlack and White Mulberry
Representative of the mulberry family with hard toothed leaves, the fruits of black mulberry are very fragrant and juicy, almost black or dark purple. White mulberry has greenish, yellowish or white berries with a sweet taste.
Black elderberryElderberry can be recognized by its characteristic aroma
Black elderberry grows in the south, the tree can reach 6 meters in length. Branched stems with a porous structure, leaves of dark green color on short petioles. Baskets of white flowers with a yellowish tint, colors, assembled together and reach 25 cm in diameter. Elderberry can be recognized by its characteristic aroma. Berries are black with a small purple tint. Each part of the tree is used for medicinal purposes for the treatment of genitourinary diseases, dermatological, kidney problems, as well as colds.
CloudberryThe use of cloudberries has a very beneficial effect on almost the entire body
Northern grassy plant with 30-centimeter stems. As the berries ripen, cloudberries turn from bright red to orange. Grows among marshy thickets with copious moss. The unique beneficial properties of cloudberries make it possible to use it as a remedy for many diseases, as well as a dietary product and an agent for the beauty of skin, hair and nails. The use of cloudberries is very beneficial for almost the entire body.
Of course, not all edible berries that can be found in the forest are listed. But even those listed above can help strengthen immunity if a cold is overcome in the forest during a hike, or relieve inflammation, irritation, have an antiseptic effect, not to mention the saturation of the body with vitamins and other useful substances.