Every person who had a chance to go hunting, fishing or an ordinary hiking trip had to deal with a bonfire. Of course, it is better to know the basics and rules of its breeding, because there are different types of bonfires depending on its purpose, as well as the method of laying logs and branches. When you find yourself in a forest in winter, you need to keep in mind that you need to make a bonfire different from the one that was kindled in the summer, because there were different conditions. About what types of bonfires are and their purpose will be discussed later.
Types of bonfires and their purposeTypes of bonfires and their purpose
Consider the known types of bonfires and the differences between them:
The most common type of campfire in hiking trips is when the logs are folded at an angle to the center, while the logs burn quickly enough in the middle in the upper part, collecting the main coals in the center. This type is good for quick cooking in camping conditions, heating the kettle. It is not suitable for warming at night, since the main heat is concentrated in the middle in one place.
It differs from the "hut" in that it allows you to cook food in several containers at the same time. Its design consists of two long logs located at a small distance parallel to each other, two more logs are placed across from above. Thus, the design is laid out until the required height is reached. The preparation of several dishes at the same time is possible due to the fact that the necessary access of oxygen and the uniform distribution of fire along the length of the firewood are provided. It should be borne in mind that it is better to kindle this species in calm weather, because otherwise the fire will spread unevenly.
If it is necessary to build a fire, which will burn all night, giving a large amount of heat, a taiga fire will be a suitable option. For its construction, two rows of thick long logs will be needed, in each of which 2 or 3 logs need to be placed. These rows should intersect at a slight angle directly above the coals. Moreover, the first row must be laid with a dense arrangement of logs to each other on the coals, and the second above it from above at an angle. The burning of logs is achieved along their entire length, but the bulk of the heat falls on their intersection.
Finnish candleFinnish candle
The purpose of the “candle” bonfire is to heat water for tea or to cook food while hunting, fishing or camping during a short break. Such a bonfire is not able to heat a large area around itself, since the heat is concentrated in its very center. For its construction, a log is used, the top of which is cut into 6-8 parts, depending on its thickness. A tinder with logs is placed inside the split and ignited. The candle is able to burn for about eight hours, generating uniform comfortable heat around itself over a small area. This species is suitable for breeding in warm, dry weather, since the group does not need strong heating, and the bonfire is safe for the environment.
Nodia is able to heat a group of people during a trip throughout the night without adding firewood, even in winter at low temperatures. It consists of three thick and long logs with a length of at least two or three meters. To ignite the nodia, the coals obtained during the ignition of a regular bonfire, which is bred nearby, are used. They are sprinkled over the entire length of one lined log, which is covered from above with brushwood or fir branches. When they flare up, two more are placed on both sides of the first log. In order to make fire faster, you need to make notches with an ax and roll this side into the fire. When they light up, another log is placed on top of the notches to the fire. Logs with a diameter of more than 40 cm are able to burn throughout the night.
A “fireplace” is also used to heat the night camp. It provides long burning of logs, because its design is such that as the lower logs burn, the upper logs roll down and begin to burn. The design of the "fireplace" consists of four short logs, which are laid in the form of a well, and on one of its sides a wall is laid out with a height of two logs. To keep them, two pegs with an outward inclination are driven in. As the logs burn in the "well", those that are in the "wall" roll down. The fire itself is bred inside the "well".
Polynesian bonfire is most often used during rain, when the weather is wet and dank. To construct the structure, you need to make a cone-shaped pit, tapering downward, to a depth of one meter. The walls of the pit are laid out with logs, and a bonfire is made at the bottom. The Polynesian view of the bonfire gives a lot of coals, which keep warm for a long time, and are convenient not only during rain, but also in strong winds.
When there is very little firewood, you can make a so-called star fire. It is very economical in fuel consumption, but it cannot be left unattended, for example, at night, because it is necessary to move the logs as they burn from the outskirts to the center. The star is laid out so that along the radius of the bonfire logs are laid out in length, on coals, starting from the center itself. If you need to maintain fire on slow burning, periodically moving new wood to old, then this type is the most suitable.
A gunA gun
The "cannon" burns for a long time, maintaining a fairly large amount of heat. For its breeding, coal is first prepared, then a thick log is placed near them. Several logs are laid out on it at one end, so the coals are directly below them. They flare up and give good heat for a long time. As they burn, they can be replaced with new ones.
The "pyramid" can be used for nightly heating the camp. For this, two thick logs are used that are parallel to each other. Across them, you need to put a few more similar logs, this will be the basis of the whole fire. Then you need to find smaller logs and put them in the same sequence on top of the first, then put even smaller logs on top, until the top is in twigs and small brushwood. When a bonfire flares up, you can safely leave it all night.Types of bonfires
Types of bonfire
Other types of bonfires are used for distress signals than those described above:
The purpose of such a fire is to send a distress signal with strong smoke, which will be visible from the plane. To do this, use the construction of a hut, which is covered with a large number of fresh spruce, pine and other evergreen branches. For lack of this, you can use thick leafy branches or long grass.
This is a signal fire, giving a distress signal with its bright flame, which can be seen from afar. It is ignited in high, open areas of terrain, made of three thick branches that are mounted vertically in the form of a triangle or tripod. The remaining branches, blocking the side parts of the bonfire, rest on them. Besides the fact that it will give a high flame, you can add branches, leaves and grass to it to create a large amount of smoke.