The situation when a person finds himself in a winter forest without means of communication, and other inventions of humanity that help in everyday life, can happen to any of the lovers of winter hiking in the forest, hunters, as well as each of the inhabitants of the northern latitudes living far from densely populated areas. You can learn more about how to survive in the forest in winter.
How to survive in the winter in the forest for a long timeHow to survive in the winter forest
You can find yourself in a winter forest without the usual set of survival in several cases:
- if a person gets lost
- by coincidence, the means of survival were lost during the planned winter campaign
- a car or a snowmobile broke during a winter hunt
The latter case refers to situations with the most favorable prognosis, since the car is usually left outside the forest, therefore, in such an area it is easier to find a way to the nearest village than in the forest. Consider the situation, ka can survive in the winter in the forest without everything.
First steps if you get lostHow to survive in the forest
From the very first moment, as soon as you began to understand that you are not completely oriented in this area, the only important thing is not to panic. You must stop moving and use a compass or map, if any. But, as a rule, if you have a compass with you, it does not present any special difficulties to navigate in an unfamiliar area. Without a compass, you need to try to find the north direction. In winter, you can navigate only by tree bark, as other signs "work" in the warm season. Therefore, one can observe from which side of the tree trunks the bark is darker to orient to the north.
Moving through a snowy forest is extremely difficult. And therefore, in order not to climb into impassable jungle, you must choose large and noticeable landmarks for yourself every hundred meters, and at night choose the silhouettes of large trees as them.
Since the main goal is to get to the nearest settlement, it is necessary to adhere to the flow of the river, if there is one, or the least dense sections of the forest.
Organization of an overnight stayHow to survive in the forest without everything in winter
If there is no chance to get out of the forest in the next couple of hours, you need to prepare for the night, because at night it will be difficult. To do this, it is better to find one or a group of fallen trees. Under one of them it will be possible to dig a recess for making a fire. You can also choose a place on a slope or hill. The main thing is that the height of the "platform" to the ground is at least 50 cm. The bottom of the makeshift hut needs to be covered with fir branches, from above the hut is also closed with them as tightly as possible. The fire will be bred inside, so the branches to the fire should be at a safe distance.
Another option for making a shelter is from snow. You need to find a snowdrift from dense snow and begin to lay out a hut from it along the required perimeter. Such a shelter is able to keep the temperature inside higher than a hut made of twigs and wood. But you cannot make a fire inside it.
BonfireWinter bonfire in the forest
Without a warming bonfire in the winter can not survive. It can be obtained in two ways: using matches or a lighter, if any, or by friction. The production of fire by friction is a rather laborious task. To do this, you need to find a tinder, which can serve as dry moss, fibers from dry birch bark, dry spruce needles, fibers from your own clothes, cotton wool. To make the bow you will need any rope or string, as well as two wooden sticks. From one of them an arc is made with a stretched rope, in the middle of which a second stick is inserted vertically with a loop. It is necessary to place a tinder on a wooden base, then perform active rotational movements with a bow. As a result of friction, the tinder should smoke, it must be put in the main part of the firewood, inflated until a fire appears. Firewood should consist of dry bark of trees, dry branches, logs from fallen trees.
Another way to get fire is to use a lens. To do this, find a transparent ice floe and tinder from dry moss, twigs, grass. This method is used only on a sunny day, when the ray of the sun is directed to the lens from ice and focuses on a dry tinder. After some time, it will flare up, it remains only to support it to ignite a large fire.
Survive the winter forest: getting foodFood
If thirst has begun, you should never eat snow. If there is no water, you need to fill in a plastic bottle or other container with snow, and place on outer clothing. When the snow melts, you can drink it. If there is no container with you, then you need to collect snow in your mouth and keep it there without swallowing until it warms up. If you eat snow in its solid state, there is a big risk of getting a sore throat and reduce body temperature, which is very dangerous in the winter in the forest.
In addition, you can melt the snow and make tea from branches of wild raspberries, rose hips, blueberries, lingonberries, and wild rosemary. Many of these plants with fruits can be found in early winter until severe frosts. For infusion, it is also very good to use chaga, a tree mushroom - it relieves the symptoms of a cold. For the same purposes, you can boil the tips of spruce, pine, cedar.
With food, the situation is more complicated in winter than in summer. If the winter is early, tree fungi can remain on the bark of trees, as well as wild berries on shrubs, as well as acorns. In the coniferous forest there are a lot of cones and pine nuts. Near the trees, as well as on the thaw with a stick, you can dig out worms, which are a rich source of protein. It is unlikely that it will be possible to hunt large prey without special equipment and weapons in the forest, but you should try to track down such small prey as gophers and other rodents according to their minks, which look like mounds. Since it is difficult to catch a rodent without a snare, you can fill its mink with water or run smoke there, after which the prey will come to hand. If you have fishing line or nylon rope with you, you can make a partridge, grouse or pheasant trap. For small forest game, you can also make a snare, if you make a loop, attach it to a tree, a strong column or stone. Of course, one must take into account the cross of the beast in this particular place, which can be calculated from numerous tracks and paths, especially if the snow is fresh and soft. The loop must be made in such a way that it immediately drags on the limbs of the animal as soon as it gets into it.
How to survive in the forest in winter: ways to warm upHow to survive in the forest in winter: ways to warm up
Once in the forest during the cold season, it would be logical to assume that a person will be dressed in winter. However, the main thing when surviving in the forest is to keep warm, in other words, to move. The heat that the body gives off when doing physical exercises is enough to survive at minus fifteen degrees. To control the degree of hypothermia, you need to periodically bring the index finger and little finger together: if they come together with difficulty, this is a dangerous signal that the body is close to hypothermia.
If you feel you are starting to freeze, you can squat. If you have any other things with you, you can put them on. It’s very dangerous to get your feet wet. You only need to breathe through your nose.
In addition, to keep warm, you can perform special breathing exercises. To do this, you need to sit on the ground, press the left foot to the body, and the right one parallel to it. The left foot should be pressed as close as possible to the inner surface of the right thigh. In this case, the knees should be wide apart, and the hands should lie on them with their palms up. When the pose is accepted, you need to start breathing rhythmically in the stomach so that there are practically no gaps between the inhalation and exhalation. The first two minutes you need to try to breathe in this way, then you need to slow down your breathing. Thus, you need to breathe for another three minutes. Then return to the normal rhythm of breathing, and after five minutes, repeat the exercise. Thus, after the second repetition, it will be possible to sense an increase in heat in the body. This breathing practice can be carried out any number of times for warming in harsh environmental conditions.
In any case, if sudden drowsiness or attacks of fatigue suddenly attack, in no case should you stop, sit down, lay down on the snow.
Following the above tips, you will survive at least a week until you can find the slightest sign that the way to the nearest settlement has been found.