Hunting dogs - variety of breeds

When choosing a breed of dog for hunting, not only the type of fishing is taken into account, but also the psychological compatibility of the animal with the owner. The character, temperament, and habits of the owner must correspond to the behavior of the dog.

Which dog to choose for hunting?

Keeping a hunting dog and preparing it for work for residents of city apartments is problematic. In rural areas, not far from hunting areas, keeping such breeds is not difficult. The process of training hunting dogs involves physical exertion on the owner. However, not everyone is ready for this.

Dogs for hunting

Dog breeds for hunting are classified into:

  • Greyhounds.
  • Hounds.
  • Burrows.
  • Pointing dogs.

It is better to pick up a puppy in specialized hunting nurseries or at breeders. They give due attention to animals, work is being done to preserve hereditary qualities, puppies are trained in the skills necessary for a successful hunt. Experienced dog handlers of the institution will tell you about the proper maintenance, care for the dog, give advice on education. The owner must be prepared for the systematic and proper development of the instincts and qualities of a hunting dog, even if it is endowed with certain pedigree inclinations.

Dog handlers and breeders with experience advise taking babies from purebred parents involved in hunting up to 4 knees

Titled, certified, certified ancestors, as a rule, pass on their hunting inclinations and instincts to babies. Puppies from spring litters, where the number of individuals does not exceed five is more enduring, stronger and well developed.

When buying a dog, it is advised to ask the breeders about the nature of the parents, the presence of genetic pathologies in the family, aggressiveness towards people, pets. Know that if the distant ancestors of the animal had deviations from the standards, negative qualities are inherited after several generations.

A puppy of a hunting breed is best taken at the age of one, one and a half months. Then he can do without a mother, eat independently. Do not opt ​​for sluggish, weakened, skinny, or vice versa overfed babies. A healthy dog ​​has a beautiful shiny coat, has a cold, wet nose and clear eyes. The strong guy is active in behavior, energetic, playful and inquisitive. Its coordination of movement is not disturbed, it responds to others adequately. A puppy that meets the requirements of the breed does not even have slight flaws: variegated eyes, bent limbs, sagging back, pigmentation of the urine, nose, thickening at the ends of the ribs. When purchasing an adult dog, it is checked in work on the field or in the forest.


Dogs of burrow breed were bred for hunting game living in burrows. Due to their small size, they easily penetrate the den of a fox, badger or hare and drive the beast out of the tunnel.

Their hunting behavior is markedly different from home. It is rather difficult to imagine the action of a dog working in a hole, for example, when hunting a fox. The owner receives the smallest share of information about her actions in the dwelling of the beast. How to approach the beast? How does it lead hours of battles in dungeons with an enemy armed with fangs and sharp claws? In fights, even bleeding, with torn cheeks and sides, the norns gain the upper hand over the game without human help.

Dogs are used to fighting in conditions of absolute independence. They are focused on the fight to the bitter end, even if the price of this severe injuries. The breed has developed its inherent instincts and character traits, primarily situational thinking. Representatives of this group acquired a tough temper, reflecting on behavior in everyday life: high pride, supremacy in the home environment. Often they put themselves above the owner.

Burrows are deprived of "criminal" character traits, show love for children, loyal to the owners, friendly to outsiders.

Fox terrier

Fox terrier

In Russia, fox terriers have gained popularity among lovers of hunting with dogs for a hare or a fox. A good hunter of this kind in work should have an evil, strong type. If the beast is at an impasse, he will drag him out of the hole. The fox terrier is a tractor, will not throw a strangled trophy, will not crawl out of the den until it pulls out the prey.


The dog is indispensable in the hunt for the burrowing beast with a combination of courage and rationality. She prefers to drive the game out of the hole without causing her injuries. This quality is important in commercial hunting. When fox hunting for a dog, it is important to maintain the quality of the fur, too hot a person’s friend tears the beast and spoils valuable fur. Dachshunds are persistent in work, smart and careful. Try to avoid injuries and bites.


This is the smallest burrowing hunting dog. She has to take the beast not by force, but by tactics. Underground he works to his full height due to his short paws, this saves her strength. The body is very flexible, it easily unfolds in the narrowest tunnels and changes position. A large beast, whose defense can not be penetrated, it makes it spin, exhaust, lure, moving towards the exit.

Pointing dogs

Representatives of the species are distinguished by a clear voice and a subtle scent. A stable psyche, affectionate disposition, attachment to the owner makes a four-legged friend in everyday life peaceful, intelligent and good-natured.

With the cops they hunt for game birds, in particular ducks. Dogs independently find or indicate to the owner the location of the "trophy" and, by the sign of the hunter, scare the game. In anticipation of the owner’s actions, they lie on the ground and watch the bird. After the shot, they rush after them and bring the prey to the owner. In the work, the animal uses the innate instincts and skills acquired in the process of training. In Africa, representatives of this species are used even in hunting for lions.

Russian breeders have been breeding Pointing and Setter breeding dogs for more than a hundred years.



Dogs deserve love from hunters around the world. The breed is temperamental and bold. The sense of Pointer is highly developed. He has an inherent passion for game and a firm stance. Easy to train. Already at the age of six months, the animal shows a desire for work. With proper maintenance and proper care, it is hardy to heat and frost. In pursuit of game, he rides a quick career, resembling a racehorse.

The flair of a dog works like a radar. It is able to capture the smallest molecules of the smell of game. Dogs of this breed have a phenomenal memory. On the hunt are reckless. The manner of searching is fascinating beautiful. Looking for prey they hold their heads high. Dogs are well distinguished when hunting in meadows and in dense thickets, this allows you not to lose sight of them, facilitates the work of hunters. The movements of the pointers are calm. Smelling the smell of game, they slow down, and approaching, gradually raise their heads higher and higher. Hunters consider the Pointer stance to be the most beautiful of all the cops.


Representatives of the breed have a noble, truly gentlemanly look. The nature of the dogs is calm, friendly. They love children and are unpretentious in maintenance. The owner only needs to constantly monitor the condition of the wool after hunting, scratch it so as not to become wrinkled.


They are diligent in work. Easy to learn through systematic repetition and rewards. Strict discipline and punishment, pressure from the owner become the reason for the isolation of the animal, loss of interest in life, sudden cases of aggression.

Dogs are good at hunting for pheasant, partridge and quail. They are looking for a bird on a fast creeping gallop. Running is very beautiful and economical in terms of energy loss. They make low long jumps overcoming the maximum distance with little effort. Setters hold the rack well and bring game.


The breed is characterized by a friendly disposition. Ideally, these are strong-built dogs. They are characterized by highly developed muscles and endurance. Impeccably take the track. Energetic and able to develop great speed. The voice is mostly sonorous. When hunting with hounds, the owner hears their signal over long distances. Physical activity is shown 24 hours a day with short breaks for rest.

The most common types of hounds in Russia: Russian, Russian piebald.

Russian hound

Russian Hound

Representatives of the breed inherited the following qualities:

  • Balanced.
  • Indifferent to pets.
  • Obedient.
  • Not tireless in work.
  • Hardy. Able to pursue prey 24 hours a day with short periods of rest.
  • Have a great flair.
  • They have a strong, clear voice.
  • They do not give the beast time to entangle tracks, should be faster than the fastest predator.
  • In pursuit they are guided by the trail, do not lag behind the beast for more than 1 minute.

Russian pinto hound

The production of wild animals with this breed is a fascinating process. Dogs are great bloodhounds. At the command of the owner, they begin to search for game. Having found the track, the dogs follow it until they catch the victim. Then persecution begins, which is accompanied by a loud bark. The sound hunter is guided in what direction he should move in order to shoot prey.

Russian Pinto Hound

The breed is used in hunting moose with dogs, bear, fox and wolf.


Fishing with greyhounds is different in that it can take place without the use of a gun. Dogs are used on a hare, fox, wolf, and other game in combination with hounds. Work well in pairs or even more. During hunting in ambush, greyhounds and a hunter wait for the hounds to drive the animal out into the open.

The victim is grabbed by the neck and strangled. When the half-strangled beast calms down, they release their neck and squeeze their chest to completely kill them. Waiting for the hunter, the dogs lie next to the victim's carcass.

The most common breeds in Russia: Russian canine greyhound and Hortaya.

Russian canine

Russian Canine

The dog is always calm, restrained and self-confident. May be a devoted member of the family. Not annoying, lying for hours in a designated place without requiring attention. In the presence of strangers, timid, does not show aggression to strangers. Sensitive, loves affection, but differs in aristocratic restraint. The soul always remains a hunter, so in places where other animals are found, it must be kept under control. Otherwise, if a dog pursues a chase, this can bring unpredictable consequences.

Hortaya Greyhound

Representatives of the breed are the pride of Russian dog breeders who have been breeding it for years. In everyday life, they are calm, and on the hunt they are tireless and reckless. They have acute vision. They see the beast at a great distance and pursue it tirelessly. Do not show aggression to humans.

Hortaya Greyhound

The character is friendly, but freedom-loving. Smart and easy to manage. Lives in trouble with other dogs without problems.

Best Versatile Hunting Dog - Labrador

Hunters consider labradors to be universal hunters. They have a great scent. Dogs are superior to other breeds in a combination of highly developed sense of smell and memory. They note and remember where the game lies, quickly find it and bring it to the owner. The peculiarity of the dog is its soft mouth. Prey takes neatly does not damage the fur.


Dogs are excellent in walking on a blood trail, for example, bear. Effective in hunting pens and round-up. They have proven themselves in fishing for birds (duck, goose, partridge, pheasant) and small animals: hare, rabbit, fox.

Owners of thick undercoat are hardy in bad weather and in cold water. In the autumn-winter period, game is easily taken from ponds. They are used in open areas and in dense thickets.

Watch the video: 10 best hunting dog breeds (April 2020).